European Hornbeam ( Carpinus betulus )
Tree, deciduous broadleaf, broad spreading
Height : 2.5m to 5.5m included
Origin : Central and Eastern Europe
Environment : mixed forests; on deep, fertile soils
Climate : temperate
The Latin name Carpinus comes from two Celtic words, “car” meaning wood, and “pin” meaning head. The reason is that in the past, the wood from this tree was used to build the yokes. It’s tolerance towards pruning makes it ideal for urban decoration. The life span of this species is relatively short (150 years of average life). It’s native range covers most Europe, except for Spain and
for the lands north of Wales.