Thoracic vertebra T12 - male 3D model

The 3d model was created from computed tomography scans (CT medical data) of the human backbone. It represents the twelfth thoracic vertebra and the last pair of the ribs.

T12 thoracic vertebra is the largest and the strongest vertebra in the middle segment of the vertebral column. Situated inferior to the T-11 vertebra, superior to the L-1 first lumbar vertebra. Its transverse processes are short; the spinous process resembles the one of lumbar vertebra. Judging from the presence of osteophytes (bone spurs), the spine was affected by osteoarthritis. Osteophytes are often a sign of spinal degeneration aging. They are especially common over the age of 60. .................... The model also incudes the 12th pair of ribs. The 12th pair is termed the floating ribs or vertebral ribs (called like that because they are attached to the vertebrae only). They are shorter than those in the 11th pair. Some lack one of the two pairs of vertebral ribs, whilst others have a third pair ( an extremely rare variation: ).

Patient description: age 66, male

The model was created for educational use. Intends to help those interested in human anatomy and physiology during their learning process, as well as encourage other people deepen their knowledge about the human body.

    This product has no reviews yet
    Thoracic vertebra T12 - male
    All prices are exclusive of VAT
    Send your price offer to the author if you want to buy it at lower price.
    Royalty Free License
    Products under Royalty Free License can be used without liability to pay any license fees for<br/> multiple lifelong uses, or sales volume of final product after being paid for once. The product<br/> may not be sold, given, or assigned to another person or entity in the form it is downloaded from the site.<br/> <a href='/pages/terms-and-conditions#general-terms-of-licensing' rel='nofollow' target='_blank'>Read more</a>
    Response 82% in 0.1h
    3D Print Modeling
    3D Scanning
    Hire me
    3D model formats
    • Stereolithography (.stl)2.55 MB
    • Other -
    • OBJ (.obj, .mtl)4.11 MB
    • Autodesk FBX (.fbx)1.5 MB
    • 3D Studio (.3ds)730 KB
    • Alembic (.abc)1.43 MB
    • Collada (.dae)4.17 MB
    • Blender (.blend)3.69 MB
    3D model details
    • Publish date2016-11-17
    • Model ID#664627
    • Animated
    • Rigged
    • VR / AR / Low-poly
    • PBR
    • Geometry Polygon mesh
    • Polygons 53,372
    • Vertices 26,690
    • Textures
    • Materials
    • UV Mapping
    • Unwrapped UVs
    • Plugins used